A mood disorder is a mental health condition that has a significant impact on your emotional well-being. It’s a disorder in which you feel certain emotions for an extended period, like extreme happiness, sadness, or both. Sometimes, mood disorders include other emotions like anger, frustration, or irritability.
People get mood swings regularly, depending on their current situation. But to be diagnosed with mood disorders, the symptoms should have been present for some weeks. Mood disorders can disrupt your behavior and affect your daily activities and routine.
There are different types of mood disorders, but two of the most common are depression and bipolar disorder.
What Are The Types Of Mood Disorders?
Depression means losing interest in your normal activities coupled with dealing with different feelings, such as sadness and hopelessness. If you experience this symptom for more than two weeks, you’re likely dealing with depression.
This is a chronic, depressed and irritable mood that stretches for a long time, sometimes two years.
This is a condition whereby a person suffers from periods of depression for a while, then switches to a new mood, going back and forth between mania or euphoric mood.
What Causes Mood Disorders?
Mood disorders are caused by a combination of different factors. Life events or situations could result in a depressed mood and imbalance of brain chemicals, and sometimes depression tends to run in the family.
What Are The Symptoms of Mood Disorders?
The type of depression a person has depends on their age and the kind of mood disorder that they’re suffering from. Below are some symptoms of mood disorder:
- Just having a sad, anxious, or bad mood
- Feeling of hopelessness and helplessness
- Having low self-esteem
- Feeling inadequate or feeling below average
- Excessive guilt
- Constantly thinking about committing suicide, wishing to die, or even attempting suicide
- Lack of interest in activities that once interested you
- Relationship problems
- Having difficulty in sleeping or sleeping too much
- Changes in appetite or weight
- Decreased energy
- Trouble concentrating
- Inability to make sound decisions
- Having constant complaints about headaches and tiredness that doesn’t get better with medication
- Running away from home or having constant thoughts of disappearing.
- Being too scared of failure or rejection
- Irritability, hostility, or aggression
These feelings may seem ordinary, but when you have a mood disorder, it is more intense than that. It also becomes essential to get diagnosed if these feelings continue to affect your relationship with family, friends, and at work. Anyone who constantly talks about death or committing suicide should seek help immediately.
Mood disorder symptoms may look like other mental health problems. So before you conclude on having mood disorders, first visit a health care provider to carry out a diagnosis on you.
How Are Mood Disorders Treated?
Mood disorders can be treated in the following ways:
Antidepressants and Mood-Stabilizing Medicines
Mood disorders can be treated with antidepressants and mood-stabilizing drugs. Also, it’s more effective when you use them together with psychotherapy. The combination has proven to be effective in treating depression.
Psychotherapy often involves cognitive-behavioral or interpersonal therapy. This therapy helps to change a person’s perspective of how they view themselves and their immediate environment.
It also helps to improve the person’s relationship with people and helps them identify triggers and how to avoid them.
Family plays a crucial role in any treatment process. When a person is diagnosed and treated, they can come back into the loving arms of their family members.
Can Mood Disorders Be Prevented?
Presently, there are no direct treatments to prevent or reduce the effect of mood disorders. But when diagnosed early, some treatments can reduce the seriousness of the symptoms and help the person live their everyday life and improve their relationship with others.
Important Things To Note About Mood Disorders
- A mood disorder is a psychiatric health condition that health professionals use to characterize all kinds of depression and bipolar disorders.
- The most prevalent mood disorders are bipolar disorder, dysthymia, major depression, and mood disorder due to another medical condition.
- There’s no specific reason for mood disorders. Health professionals speculate that it’s because of chemical imbalances in the brain. However, some mood disorders seem to be inherited from parents or relatives.
- Anyone who is dealing with a mood disorder is struggling with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and helplessness. Without treatment, these symptoms will affect the person’s overall well-being and relationship with others for life.